Cohesive Devices

A main characteristic of English academic writing is cohesion. To put it simple, ‘cohesion’ refers to how you organize ideas and sentences so that readers can easily follow your train of thought without misunderstanding or confusion. One of the key tools in achieving effective cohesion is the use of ‘cohesive devices’. 

Watch this video to understand more about ‘cohesive devices’. 

Now that you understand the three types of cohesive devices, work on the ‘challenges’ to practice identifying cohesive devices through reading or learning to use them in writing. 


Three levels of challenges are designed for learners with different levels of confidence with English writing. According to your own learning pace, you may choose to attempt the challenge that is appropriate for your level or work on all challenges. 


If you are less confident and would like to start from a less challenging exercise, take the Bronze challenges. In the Bronze challenges, you will read a passage on children’s use of technology in early childhood classrooms and identify the three types of cohesive devices.

Click here to start the Bronze challenges


This challenge is for students with medium levels of English proficiency. For this leve, you will be doing a fill-in-the-blanks exercise with appropriate cohesive devices.

Click here to start the Silver challenges



For students with good general English writing skills, this Gold challenge will take you to the next level. Listen to an audio on ‘Coding for children’ and identify cohesive devices.

Click here to start the Gold challenges

If you find doing these activities useful for improving the logical flow of your writing, you can click ‘contact’ to get more similar activities. 

Good Luck!

Additional Learning Resources

For more on ‘Coherence and Cohesion’, go to the Cambridge English website below for detailed explanations.